Tacitus: Germania

Germania

Tacitus GermaniaVærket har i grunden ikke nogen titel, da en sådan ikke fremgår af de forskellige overleveringer. Dog omtales værket hos andre forfattere undertiden som De origine et situ Germanorum (om germanernes oprindelse og placering) eller De origine et moribus Germanorum (om germanernes oprindelse og skikke). Eftertiden har derfor døbt den slet og ret Germania.Værket er oversat til dansk flere gange og kan læses online.

Forfatteren Publius Cornelius Tacitus beskriver »germanerne« som et folk i samme ånd som Cæsar (som havde introduceret begrebet germanerne i hans De Bello Gallico), hvilket sikkert kun er delvist retvisende. Germanerne var mere korrekt en samlebetegnelse for alle de germanske stammer, der var bosat på den anden side af Rhinen, dvs. Romerrigets grænse på tidspunktet for Tacitus’ værk (år 98), frem til floden Weichsel, i Skandinavien og desuden i det, som i dag betegnes Østeuropa nord for Karpaterne. Læs videre (Nordisk Kultur & Historie)

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4 svar til Tacitus: Germania

  1. solstjerne siger:

    Og så var der Gotherne, som romerne kun lærte at kende alt for godt.

    Østgothisk skulle efter sigende have været et levende sprog helt op til 1500-tallet på Krim (nuværende Ukraine) – og så vidt jeg ved, findes der stadig optegnelser over dette urgamle germanske sprog.

    Har copy-pasted fra “ankel-saksisk” wikipedia…
    The Goths (Gothic: *Gut-þiuda,[1] *Gutans[2]; Old Norse: Gutar/Gotar; German: Goten; Latin: Gothi; Greek: Γότθοι, Gótthoi) were an East Germanic tribe, whose two main subgroups, the Visigoths and the Ostrogoths, played an important role in the fall of the Roman Empire and the emergence of Medieval Europe.

    An important source of our knowledge of the Goths is Getica, a semi-fictional account, written in the sixth century by the Roman historian Jordanes, of their migration from southern Scandza (Scandinavia), into Gothiscandza—believed to be the lower Vistula region in modern Pomerania—and from there to the coast of the Black Sea. Archaeological evidence from the Pomeranian Wielbark culture and the Chernyakhov culture, northeast of the lower Danube, confirms that some such migration did in fact take place. In the third century, the Goths crossed either the lower Danube or the Black Sea, ravaged the Balkan Peninsula and Anatolia as far as Cyprus, and sacked Athens, Byzantium, and Sparta.[3] By the fourth century, the Goths had conquered Dacia, and were divided into at least two distinct groups separated by the Dniester River, the Thervingi (led by the Balti dynasty) and the Greuthungi (led by the Amali dynasty). From their capitol at the Dnieper,[citation needed] the Goths ruled a vast area which—at its peak under the Kings Ermanaric and Athanaric—extended all the way from the Danube to the Volga river, and from the Black to the Baltic Sea.[4][5][dubious – discuss]

    In the late fourth century, the Huns came from the east and invaded the region controlled by the Goths. Although the Huns successfully subdued many of the Goths, who joined their ranks, a group of Goths led by Fritigern fled across the Danube. They then revolted against the Roman Empire, winning a decisive victory at the Battle of Adrianople. Subsequently, the Goths were converted from paganism to Arian Christianity by the Gothic missionary Wulfila, who devised the Gothic alphabet to translate the Bible. In the fifth and sixth centuries, the Goths separated into two tribes, the Visigoths, who became federates of the Romans, and the Ostrogoths, who joined the Huns.

    After the Ostrogoths successfully revolted against the Huns at the Battle of Nedao in 454, their leader Theodoric the Great settled his people in Italy, founding a Kingdom which eventually gained control of the whole peninsula. Shortly after Theodoric’s death in 526, the country was captured by the Eastern Roman Empire, in a war that severely damaged and depopulated the peninsula.[6] After their able leader Totila was killed at the Battle of Taginae, effective Ostrogothic resistance ended, and the remaining Goths were assimilated by the Lombards, another Germanic tribe, who invaded Italy and founded a Kingdom in the northern parts of the country in 567 AD.

    The Visigoths, under Alaric I, sacked Rome in 410, defeated Attila at the Battle of the Catalunian Plains in 451, and founded a Kingdom in Aquitaine (which was pushed to Hispania by the Franks in 507). By the late sixth century, the Visigoths had converted to Catholicism. They were conquered in the early eighth century by the Muslim Moors, but regained control under the leadership of the Visigothic nobleman Pelagius, whose victory at the Battle of Covadonga began the Reconquista. The Visigoths then founded the Kingdom of Asturias, which eventually evolved into modern Spain and northern Portugal.[7]

    Gothic language and culture largely disappeared during the Middle Ages, although its influence continued to be felt in small ways in some western European states, and as late as the sixteenth century a small number of people in the Crimea may still have been speaking the Gothic dialect known as Crimean Gothic.[8]

  2. Ytringer siger:

    Reblogged this on .

  3. Ragnarr siger:

    Et rigtigt godt blogindlæg fra Hammersmeden. Ingen kommentarer ud over at jeg læseer det med interesse.

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